In the 19th Century, the historian Giovanni Targioni Tozzetti wrote, “Utterly remarkable is the citadel erected by Magnifico Lorenzo de’ Medici in the year 1488 on the site where there was an ancient Fortress constructed by the Pisani in the year 1262, that was called Ferma Fede”.
For the laymen, Lorenzo the Magnificent conquered Serazzana in 1487 after a long war against Genoa. After having destroyed the Firmafede Fortress, he decided to build a new, more modern one upon its ashes, in step with the current technological progress of the art of war. He well understood the strategic value of Sarzana, and decided that a fortress ready for the new firearms was a worthy investment.
Today, the colossal bulk of the Citadel – as the locals call it – is concealed behind a curtain of rooftops, at the eastern end of Sarzana’s historical center. In order to reach it you must penetrate the city’s streets or follow its ancient walls, along a shady rampart from where you can see the surrounding hills and the Sarzanello Fortress, a companion that once created a defensive curtain against so many cannons.
A striking moat and six cylindrical towers defended the walls, while one central mastio, along with a guard-house and barracks, constituted the internal defense ring. Six thousand square meters of defensive structures!
Since recent renovations were completed, the Citadel has hosted many events, including the super interesting Festival della Mente – Festival of the Mind and the annual appointment with the antiques market Soffitta nella Strada – The Attic in the Street.
Source: Trame di Lunigiana